亨得拉病毒 Hendra Virus

1994年在澳洲發現,引起馬匹呼吸道疾病。
人類的感染主要經由接觸病馬組織及體液而感染會致死。
目前已知會感染馬、人及狐蝠。
狐蝠是此病毒自然宿主

獸醫及養馬的人需格外注意
目前只發生在澳洲

最新發現
2012.12.9
Bats Are Not The Bad Guys

  Hendra virus (http://www.horseyard.com.au/horse-articles-and-horse-news/latest-horse-news/144586-bats-are-not-the-bad-guys)

Hendra has given bats a bad name. Understandable given Hendra virus has killed people and horses, and scientists have discovered that Hendra virus is carried by bats. But it’s not all the bats’ fault.

“Flying-foxes or fruit bats are large, very mobile animals that can fly long distances, possibly 100s of kilometres overnight. They are also very social animals, and roost during the day in large communal groups. We are very aware of them because they are so visible at dawn and dusk when we see them leaving or returning to their roosts” says Billie Roberts, an expert in flying-fox ecology and behaviour.

“Because flying-foxes roost and feed within urban and coastal landscapes people have the impression there are more flying-foxes than ever, when in fact some species are actually undergoing dramatic decreases in numbers because of habitat loss and shooting of flying- foxes to protect crops.”
....
So, if you find a sick or injured bat don’t try to pick it up, but call the RSPCA or the bat rescue helpline on 0488 228 134. Horse owners need to try to minimise the likelihood of contact between fruit bats and horses. And horse owners and veterinarians need to improve their biosecurity and infection control practices.

In this way we can better manage and reduce the risks of Hendra virus outbreaks and allow bats, horses and people to safely share our environment.

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